The environmental America Research & Policy Center recently released a report saying that the proportion of installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation in the total installed capacity in the United States is expected to increase from 0.23% to 10% in the next 15 years.
Although 10% sounds difficult to achieve, the authors of the report say that as long as the U.S. government formulates active solar incentive policies, the goal is still expected to be achieved. These policies include extending tax breaks, funding photovoltaic technology research, and making the development of new energy a part of the white house work plan.
The report also recommends that local governments formulate solar energy incentive policies, such as net metering tariff policy (allowing households equipped with photovoltaic power generation to sell the remaining electricity to the grid) and third-party electricity sales (allowing enterprises to sell not only photovoltaic panels but also electricity to consumers, so that users do not have to go to public utilities to buy electricity).
“ By 2030, the proportion of photovoltaic power generation will reach 10%. Although it is very difficult to achieve this goal, the efforts made in the process of achieving this goal will greatly improve the lives of us and our future generations & rdquo; Rob Sargent, one of the editors of the report, said.
In order to achieve the target of 10% by 2030, it is necessary to achieve an average annual growth rate of 22% in the next 15 years. In fact, this goal is not difficult to achieve, because the annual growth rate of photovoltaic power generation capacity in the United States has reached 77% in the past three years. The biggest difficulty in achieving the goal comes from some policies that hinder the development of photovoltaic. For example, power utilities all over the United States oppose the net metering tariff policy and photovoltaic subsidy policy. The U.S. legislative Exchange Committee advocates abolishing the U.S. renewable energy quota standard, which requires new energy in the United States to account for a certain percentage of total energy.
In order to ensure the sustainable development of photovoltaic power generation, the government should actively participate. For example, Florida in the United States ranks third in solar energy resources, but the total installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation only ranks 18th. This is mainly because Rick Scott, the Republican governor of the state, refused to implement renewable energy quota standards, and did not allow photovoltaic equipment leasing and third-party power sales.
In general, the overall environment for photovoltaic development in the United States is relatively optimistic. Vigorously developing the photovoltaic industry has many benefits, such as boosting the economy, improving citizens' health and environment, and adding 143000 jobs nationwide. After reaching the target of 10% by 2030, 280 million tons of carbon emissions will be reduced in the atmosphere, which is equivalent to a reduction of 59 million cars.
“ For the utilization of solar energy, the resources of the sky are limited. Therefore, achieving the target of 10% is only the first step to achieve completely green energy& rdquo; Sargent said.